... from the early 1600s … The Rotterdam foot was considerably longer - 31.39 cm (equal to almost 1.03 English feet) - and was divided into twelve inches, each of 2.615 cm. Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's Over 7100 families and 290 ships. Each Dutch warship belonged exclusively to one or other of the five Admiralties, although in the 17th century the Dutch fleet included many ships of mercantile ownership, particularly those belonging to the Dutch East India Company (VOC). In 1595-1597, a Dutch fleet sailed to Asia taking the route used by Portuguese ships round the Cape of Good Hope, the southern tip of Africa. In the period of higher international tension, culminating in the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, a massive effort to renew the Dutch navies was undertaken. The Dutch revolt (1568–1648) in many ways started with the revolt of the Beggars and the navy was no exception. Between 1652 and 1680 the "Charters" underwent drastic revision, but it was still more appropriate to classify ships of the line during this era by their (gundeck) length than by the number of guns carried. The ships of the 4th Charter each carried from 50 to 56 guns. In the Western Hemisphere, this left a vacuum of power in the trading world which the Dutch soon filled. Richard W. Unger explores how technical superiority, the discovery of the advantages of specialisation in design, and the extensive exploitation of that discovery gave the Dutch domination of the European shipbuilding industry by the beginning of the seventeenth century. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. The Dutch leader had put to sea with 53 warships bristling with 1,700 cannon, a massive amount of firepower. The success of the industry was based on its 1nw costs and on the technical superiority of its product. From 1682 twenty complete three-deckers were built, the last in 1721; these comprised the 1st Charter issued on 15 February 1680, and provided for these to have dimensions of 170 (Amsterdam) feet on the gundeck (146 ft 3 in on the keel) x 43 feet x 16 ft. After these twenty, no further 1st Charter ships were built by the Netherlands. During the 1600s, what made it easy for Dutch ships to reach markets in Germany, France and England? 4 Answers. Listing of immigrants ships from England to the Colonies in the 1600's. Other … The fifth was the Admiralty of Friesland covering the Province of Friesland (indicated by "(F)"), albeit with fewer ships than the other four Admiralties. The 1st Charter comprised the largest two-deckers before 1680, then subsequently covered the three-deckers (for which see note below). At that time German builders produced a modified hulk which was the most effective bulk carrier in northern Europe. For any additions, please contact project collaborators, as the data are being maintained in an Excel file for easy editing. The Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC) or the Dutch East India Company was established in 1602, and remained a major trading industry until 1798. In general, they chiefly between 154 and 156 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to between 143ft and 144ft 10in in British units of measurement. You may learn of your ancestor’s place of origin by talking to older family members. Administratively and politically, there was not a single Dutch Navy but five distinct Admiralties. Please email digital@historytoday.com if you have any problems. I DO NOT have any secret or additional information. Note a further 74-gun ship begun at Amsterdam in 1795 (and thus not for the pre-1795 United Provinces) was launched on 9 August 1796 for the Batavian Republic as Washington - captured by the British in the Vlieter (off Texel) on 28 August 1799 and became HMS Princess of Orange. Ship - Ship - 17th-century developments: With the emergence of the eastern trade about 1600 the merchant ship had grown impressively. This comprised a flagship of 150 (Amsterdam) feet in length (the Eendracht of 1653), and twenty-nine other ships of 130 feet or more. Dutch Immigration to USA & Canada. In the south was the Admiralty of Zeeland covering the Province of Zeeland (indicated by "(Z)" preceding a ship's name in the list below). Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp portrait, 1598 – 1653, was a Dutch army general and admiral in the Dutch navy, etching by Bohemian etcher Wenceslaus Hollar from 1600s The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, literally ‘United East India Company’) was a chartered company established in 1602. They usually carried 18-pounders (or a mixture of 24-pounders and 18-pounders) on the lower deck. Other ships of the line (less than 130 ft), Ships of the "Expanded Navy" (1682 to 1714), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_ships_of_the_line_of_the_Dutch_Republic&oldid=943491475, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Carolus Quintus (Charles V) (East Indiaman) 52 (1665), (A) Gaasterland 52 (1688) - Captured by France on 22 May 1703, Overwinnaer (c. 1706) - Captured by France 1708 as, Schonauwen (c. 1710) - Captured by France 1711 as, This page was last edited on 2 March 2020, at 04:14. In 1873 there were eighteen ships (totalling 7878 tons). A similar depiction appears on the lid of the clavichord. Consequently the Dutch did not build large three-deckers such as were found in the navies of England and France, except for a brief period from 1682 to 1695 (and a very few later on). Dutch shipbuilders used more efficient building methods and produced ships of better design than their European rivals. Ships of this era have not been separated by Charter in the list below. In 1874 a Dutch government investigation into the condition of the shipping industry, called the Enquête of 1874, stated that in 1868 sixteen clipper ships with a total tonnage of 6000 tons, were registered. Bark canoes. Answer Save. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. This is the period during which the Dutch provinces consolidated their independence from Spanish rule, forming the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and took part in the Eighty Years' War. During the 1650 - 1680 period, many Dutch ships of the line were "up-gunned", ending with significantly more guns than when they first came into service. Dutch Ships of the Seventeenth Century In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands embarked on one of those amazing explosions of energy and productivity that sometimes make small countries leaders of the world. With the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Staten-Generaal ordered the construction of twenty-four large ships, with a second group of twenty-four being added soon after. These were ships carrying more than 70 guns, although this had risen to about 80 guns by 1670 and by 1680 to encompass ships of 90 guns or more. Let S(t) represent the average displacement of a ship, in tons, and t the number of years since 1650. Most of the Dutch ships of the line, for reasons given above, were built with two decks of guns. They suffered tremendous losses, made some major blunders, yet managed to sail there and back and so the trip was deemed a success. By the late 18th century, up to 70% of the soldiers manning the ships of the Dutch East India Company came from outside the Netherlands. Prior to the first Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch did not have a system of categorising vessels beyond a simple functional division into "ships", "frigates" and lesser ship-rigged "three-mast yachts". No three-deckers were built, hence no "Ist Charter" is listed. Dhows were meant to be trading ships, having a single mast which was lateen-rigged. The Dutch ships involved in this trade operated from the coasts of Zeeland, Holland and Friesland. The vessels were owned by a shipping company in Amsterdam by name of “Compagnie van Verre” (“Far Travel Trade Partnership”). He calls the western part of the new continent ‘New Holland’. This list includes ships of the line built (all for the Amsterdam Admiralty) in the period 1661 to 1663, prior to the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Dutch ships proceeded on and reached Sumatra and later Java. To outrun danger, New England shipbuilders developed fast-sailing schooners. Such misfortunes were often believed to be the result some misbehavior of a crew member and a sailor might be ostracized for his deed. The lengths remained the basis of the Charters. However, the Dutch made up in sheer quantity of ships what they lacked in terms of the size of vessels; the list below is incomplete and does not include some of the many hundreds of Dutch warships belonging to the United Provinces between 1579 (when the Netherlands effectively became independent from Spanish control) and 1795 (in which latter year the French invaded and established the puppet state of the Batavian Republic). Portrayed in the centre is a group of ships representing Amsterdam’s commercial fleet which traded with the East – … Thus 150 Amsterdam feet equated to 139ft 4 inches in English measurement. They generally (but not always) carried a mix of 36-pounder and 24-pounder guns on their primary (lower) gun deck, with lighter cannon (18-pounders and 12-pounders) on the upper deck and 6-pounders on their quarterdecks. The shipbuilding industry was one of the cornerstones of the economic prosperity of the golden century. 4 years ago. Supply Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1624 This first Dutch voyage to East-India, Indonesia, was based on the experiences of many Dutch sailors and These ships were rather medium-clippers than the larger extreme-clipper. In the early 1600s, the Dutch seized control of the Moluccas from the Portuguese. A typical armament was 24 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 24 x 12pdrs on the upper deck, and 16 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck. The first two of these were launched for the Maas Admiralty in 1653 and 1654. This style only gradually subsided, so ships of the early 1700s still had vast collections of carvings in the stern galleries, though less than the 1690s and before. William the Silent, the leader of the revolt, issued letters of marque under his authority as sovereign Prince of Orange.These roving bands of ships became known as the Sea Beggars.Their capture of Brielle was the first significant victory of the revolt, and led to the … What ships were used in the 1600s? Dutch Sailors and Ships of The 17 th Century Learning Dutch? Subsequently, having won the Battle of Dungeness in November 1652, Tromp persuaded the Staten-Generaal to add a further class of 150 feet ships as the "1st Charter", although only two of this length were built initially - the Eendracht and Groot Hollandia, both launched at Rotterdam in 1653 and 1654 respectively with 58 guns each. The full-rigged ship that was the vehicle for European expansion had to be imported into the Netherlands from southern Europe. They were from 150 to 200-ton ships. 17th Century Dutch Merchant Ships is a remarkable achievement, and would be an excellent addition to the library of any maritime historian or model ship builder. The Charter (rating) system was introduced in 1652 - initially defined by ships' lengths - but was radically revised during this era (see notes above). Spain and England wrecked each other in a series of conflicts in the 16th century. In this article we consider the names of ships making outbound (i.e., from a port in the Netherlands) journeys between 1595 and 1650. Reports of ships lost at sea without trace were real and frightening to men traveling the oceans. During the 1660s the Dutch added ten ships displacing 1400-1600 tons and mounting 72–84 guns, such as the Amsterdam-built Dolfijn of 1667, and another twenty of 1100 tons, mounting 60–74; it was a remarkably large and rapid programme of construction, which finally put the republic’s battle fleet on the same footing as those of its rivals. Next were three covering the Province of Holland - the Admiralty of the Maas (or "Maze") in the south of Holland, centred on Rotterdam (indicated by "(M)"), the Admiralty of Amsterdam in the centre of the Province (indicated by "(A)"), and the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier in the north of Holland (indicated by "(N)"). These were all two-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 156 ft on the upper deck, 133½ ft on the keel, 41 ft in breadth and 15 ft depth in hold. You can also see the scattering of journeys made by Dutch ships to Svalbard, off the North coast of the Norwegian mainland. Most were English and Welsh. The records you will need to continue your research, such as birth, marriage, and death records, are kept in local areas. It was divided into eleven inches (Amsterdamse duim) equal to 2.57393 cm, compared with 2.54 cm for an English inch. This project provides an inventory of the ships that brought immigrants from The Netherlands to New Amsterdam between 1609 and 1674. - Let me pilot your approach Everyday Dutch Words Basic vocabulary for conversation and reading Useful Words and Phrases for Travelers. Relevance. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. Online at the Gutenberg Project in text or zipped versions. The Dutch became the foremost slave traders during parts of the 1600s, ... the British navy diligently opposed the slave trade in the Atlantic and used its ships to try to prevent slave-trading operations. This was partly due to the shallow home waters of the Netherlands, which limited the maximum draft with which ships could operate. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. [1] The former coincided with the English categories of 1st to 4th Rates, i.e. Buy Online Access  Buy Print & Archive Subscription. Arab pirates arming her with cannon would use these ships. However, the larger Brakel and Tromp measured about 160 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to 148ft 7in in British units of measurement), with a breadth of about 45 Amsterdam feet (41¾ British feet) and a depth in hold of 20 Amsterdam feet (18½ British feet). These hulks brought grain from the Baltic to the Low Countries and carried salt back. It is highly recommended. In the fifteenth century, however, Dutch shipwrights had been far behind them. Work in Progress. Blown off course on their way to the spice islands, Dutch merchant vessels also encountered and began to chart the west coast of Australia. The typical armament for one of these ships was 28 x 24pdrs on the lower deck, 28 x 18pdrs on the middle deck, 28 x 12pdrs on the upper deck and 8 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck; however, this varied sometimes. The names of Dutch warships were often common to several Admiralties, so that there were vessels bearing the same name in different Admiralties at the same time. A typical armament for one of these ships was 22 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 22 x 8pdrs on the upper deck, and 8 x 4pdrs on the quarterdeck. Dordrecht was the major port for traffic on the Rhine with Germany and with Liège via the Meuse. 1556332. © Copyright 2021 History Today Ltd. Company no. The rates of mortality among the crews of slave ships were also high, as they were for the crews of the Dutch East India Company ships on the long voyage to Java. Surrounded by her wealth, a triumphant Amsterdam regards the rest of the world. The first four charters comprised the battlefleet, while the other four (5th to 8th Charters) covered frigates and smaller cruising warships. During the late 1600s, the capacity of ships in the English, French, and Dutch navies almost doubled, as shown in the graph below. The ships of the 2nd Charter each carried 74 guns. This is the period during which the United Provinces fought in alliance with the English Navy against the French fleet of Louis XIV. It excludes frigates and lesser warships. they comprised the battlefleet units. In the fifteenth century, however, Dutch shipwrights had been far behind them. A typical armament for one of these ships was 26 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 26 x 12pdrs on the upper deck, 18 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck and 4 x 3pdrs on the poop. Note that this list is incomplete and will be extended. It was followed within a year by a second thirty-ship programme, again consisting of a flagship of 150 (Amsterdam) feet in length (the Groot Hollandia of 1654), and twenty-nine other ships of 130 feet or more. The 3rd and 4th Charter ships usually carried 18-pounders or 12-pounders as their main battery. Behind came hundreds of transport ships carrying an … Naval history. Note that, although the 1685 long-term Plan had called for twenty ships of the 1st Charter to be built, the twentieth and last Dutch three-decker - the Amsterdam Admiralty's 96-gun Haarlem (of 177 ft) was not built until 1721. Note the earlier Oudshoorn of 70 guns was the prize Swiftsure captured from the English at the Four Days Battle in 1666. Betty Thompson says: August 9, 2013 at 4:44 pm My ancestor sailed from Leiden, Holland in Oct. 1662, on the Pumberlander Kerck. April, 1657 The Dutch vessel ... 1 Response to New Amsterdam Ships, 1600 – 1657. The 4th Charter ships by 1680 carried between 44 and 56 guns; by 1714 a minimum of 50 guns applied. By 1680, following the end of the later Anglo-Dutch Wars, the Staten-Generaal divided the warships of the five Admiralties into eight charters. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. Dutch shipbuilders used more efficient building methods and produced ships of better design than their European rivals. Wide Ships, Kaag, and Pink. Great Britain was often at war in the 1600s and 1700s, and Britain’s enemies attacked ships from the American colonies. Once you have traced your family back to a Dutch emigrant, you must find the town your ancestor came from if you wish to find earlier generations. Back in the Anglo-Dutch Wars, statuary was all the rage, and ships tended to have a riot of carvings studding the stern galleries and parts of the bows. All lengths quoted in this article are measured in Amsterdam feet, taken as the length of the uppermost continuous deck from stem to stern. In 1685 a long-term plan for a battlefleet of 96 ships was agreed in principle (to comprise 20 of the 1st Charter, 28 of the 2nd, 24 of the 3rd and 24 of the 4th), although this target was never fully achieved. These boats were used when Explorers like Christopher Columbus, were looking for Asia. By the 1670s the 2nd Charter were all two-decker warships with a number of guns initially around 60 to 74, although by 1680 the 60-gun and 64-gun ships had been relegated to the 3rd Charter. In general, they measured between 167 and 168 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to 155ft to 156ft in British units of measurement), with a breadth of 46¾ to 47 Amsterdam feet (about 42ft 10in to 43ft 7in British feet) and a depth in hold of 19 Amsterdam feet (17½ British feet). DUTCH FLEUT An early 17th century merchant ship, similar in design to a bark (barque). This is the period during which the United Provinces fought three Anglo-Dutch Wars - conflicts of 1652-1656, 1665-1667 and 1672-1674; although England withdrew from this contest in 1674, the Dutch remained at war against the French until 1678. In the case of the Dutch, their prominence was all about ships and the sea. Several sources may reveal where your ancestor came from. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. This is a list of Dutch (the United Provinces of the Netherlands) ships of the line, or sailing warships which formed the Dutch battlefleet. This is the period during which the reduced Dutch forces maintained their strength at a lesser level from the conclusion of the War of the Spanish Succession. TheShipsList website, online since August 1999, will help you find your ancestors on ships' passenger lists.We also have immigration reports, newspaper records, shipwreck information, ship pictures, ship descriptions, shipping-line fleet lists and more; as well as hundreds of passenger lists to Canada, USA, Australia and even some for South Africa. It excludes frigates and lesser warships. I am interested in finding a picture of this ship and the ships … Pre-1820 Approximately 650,000 individuals of all nationalities arrived in America before 1820. The ships of the 3rd Charter each carried between 64 and 68 guns. By 1600 Dutch shipbuilders dominated the European market, selling their products to buyers from Riga in the Baltic to Venice in the Adriatic. The Dutch and the British improved the design of oceanic vessels, producing faster ships than their catholic rivals. [2] This programme, which was all built in the period 1664 to 1667, included ten ships of 160 (Amsterdam) feet length or more, now forming the 1st Charter. Note: A few more ships sailed, but inf… If you have already purchased access, or are a print & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in. The Venetian buss was rapidly supplanted by another Venetian ship, the cog. These were all three-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 170 ft on the upper deck, 146¼ ft on the keel, 43 ft in breadth and 16 ft depth in hold. EAST INDIAMAN The Dutch were often handicapped by the smaller size of their ships relative to the vessels of other nations, particularly those of England and France. In 1652 the Dutch - under pressure from their naval commander Maarten Tromp to build larger ships to combat the English - introduced a rating system which was based on a series of Charters, initially grading the battlefleet units by length of ship with classes of 130 Amsterdam feet|(Amsterdam) feet]], 136 feet and 140 feet; this was at a time when the largest ship in the Dutch navies measured 134 feet in length. This is a list of Dutch (the United Provinces of the Netherlands) ships of the line, or sailing warships which formed the Dutch battlefleet. The Netherlands has no nationwide index to these records. Source: Harding, R., The Evolution of the Sailing Navy, 1509–1815. You may have seen the names spelled somewhat differently elsewhere. Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1619 Margaret 1619 England to Virginia Ships Passenger Lists to U.S.A. 1620 The Mayflower And Her Log, July 15, 1620-May 6, 1621 -- Complete. 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